How to Host a Website? Types of Web Hosting

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By: Jim Harding June 17, 2019 6 minutes
Rating: 5 (2 votes)

Content outline:

What is Web Hosting and How Does It Work?

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Web hosting server is the lifeline of every website. It should be up and running 24/7.

Dr. Chris Dayagdag

Creating a web resource is a set of actions that combine the development of design, informational content, utilization of web and marketing technologies to meet the needs of visitors and owners of the future site.

Building a website requires choosing a website hosting and domain. The concepts of “domain name” and “hosting” are inextricably linked. The domain name is the address of the website where your web resource is located. Hosting is a physical placement of the site on the server of the service provider.

With that said, website hosting is an online service that allows you to launch your website or web application on the Internet. When you are purchasing a hosting service, you actually rent space on a server where you can store all the files and data necessary for the proper functioning of your site.

A server is a physical computer that runs without interruption to ensure availability of your web resource 24/7. Your hosting is responsible for maintaining the server, protecting it from malicious attacks, and transferring your content (text, images, files) from the server to the browsers of your visitors.

When you decide to launch a new site, you will need to find a hosting company that will provide you with resources on the server. Whenever someone enters your domain name into the address bar of their browser, your host sends all the files needed to process the request.

In fact, you do not even need any programming knowledge while hosting your own website. Hosting accounts have a graphical user interface where you can manage all the settings of your website. For example, you can upload HTML files to the website server, install content management systems such as WordPress, access your database, and create backups for your site.

Here is a short list of what you should expect from your hosting provider:

  • Domain registration
  • Website builder to create a website with no hassle
  • Email hosting
  • Basic technical and CMS support

There are a number of factors that you should pay attention to when thinking about websites hosting and choosing your hosting provider:

  • Technical capabilities of the provider. Make sure your hosting provider is able to cover your technical needs not only at the moment, but it will be possible to expand the range of resources in the future.
  • Pricing package. The hoster has to provide you with an acceptable tariff plan and the necessary additional agreements.
  • Technical support. 24/7 technical support, along with a constant and continuous communication with an operator is an important point when working with a hosting provider.
  • Backing up. The ability to backup and restore data in case of an accident will ensure the most reliable operation of your project.
  • The speed and workload of the channel. These parameters are most important when implementing large solutions and large web portals.
  • On-stream time without failures. This parameter indicates the percentage of time while your website (hosted by the provider) was available. Although a lot of services can measure this parameter, you can get its real value after you begin working with the provider.

As of May 2019, the total number of domains hosted worldwide is 154,608,076, while the total number of web hosting services providers is 338,561. (WebHosting)

Hosting can be either full-featured or with limited functionality. The latter includes the following:

File hosting A hosting provider offers you to store information in the form of files and ensures its security, remote access, etc.
Mail hosting This is a service that provides a private mail system, which has no advertising banners, and offers a certain protection against spam, has one or more own domain names and works due the most common mail transfer protocol (SMTP, IMAP, Pop3).
DNS hosting This is the hosting service that provides a system for storing domain name records.
Wiki hosting This is the service which provides website host servers with tools to create and manage their own independent wiki pages.
Game hosting It is providing various types of servers for the organization of multiplayer network games.

Types of Hosting

Each site requires a different amount of resources, so there are different types of hosting. They vary in memory size, functionality, and pre-installed software. There is a good choice of various hosting types, but I will point out five main types of hosting.

Virtual hosting

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Virtual hosting is based on the principle of storing a number of client websites on a single server provider with a minimum set of options. Thus, you are getting some amount of disk space, a limited amount of RAM and some control panel of your site.

Virtual hosting can be compared to an apartment building. Its residents have a single system of heating and water supply, single entrance and parking. But some residents have more housing space, while others have less. All the users use the resources of a single server. So if someone uses too many resources, it will affect other sites. To prevent this from happening, hosting providers impose restrictions. Such website hosting is widely used for small web projects that do not require powerful resources.

This type of hosting is suitable for an online business card, promo page, portfolio, blog, or a small online store.

Cloud hosting

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This type of hosting is based on the cluster use of resources and cloud computing. In other words, you are provided with all the necessary computing resources to solve your specific problems, and you are charged according to the actual power consumption.

Imagine that your site is partially stored on three different servers. RAM, CPU power, and other resources are taken from different servers. This helps the hosting provider to better distribute the load on the equipment.

In case one day, you will need more hosting resources, then you will not have to switch to another tariff plan. Since you use the resources of several independent servers, and you can change the number of resources when you need them.

Cloud hosting is currently the most reliable solution on the market as it works smoothly. This type of hosting is suitable for a media publishing site, online store, application, and etc.

Dedicated server hosting

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Dedicated hosting means that you have your own physical server, which is designed exclusively for your website. Thus, dedicated hosting gives you incredible flexibility. You can customize your server to your liking, choose the operating system and software you want to use. You are customizing the entire hosting environment to suit your needs.

The administrator of the dedicated server gets full access to the software and hardware. This means that you will control the operating and file systems and even be able to buy “hardware” if necessary.

This type of hosting is suitable for a game server, social network, banking site, a large online store, or an application that requires a lot of resources.

Virtual private server (VPS) hosting

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This is a type of hosting when the physical server is divided into several independent parts and leased separately. There can be dozens of virtual servers on a single physical server.

VPS has no restrictions, like virtual hosting. It can be easily customized to meet your project needs. You can even install your own software.

Like virtual hosting, multiple virtual servers are hosted on the same physical server. Each of them is isolated from each other. If one virtual server consumes a lot of resources, it will not affect other users.

In fact, VPS hosting can be a great solution for medium-sized businesses with fast-growing sites. This type of hosting is suitable for an online store, a forum with a large number of visitors, an application, or a corporate site where customers and employees have accounts or personal mail.

Colocation

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This is a type of hosting in which the user co-locates his servers by renting the space from the hosting provider. Usually, the price includes a minimum set of services: rent and protection of the equipment space, electricity and Internet connection, cooling, etc. Also, you can get some additional services, such as data protection and backup.

This type of hosting is a right solution for you if your site consumes more resources than a dedicated server. Each month, paying for a few dedicated servers will be more expensive than buying your equipment and renting some space for it.

Web Hosting Prices. Free Hosting

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Each webmaster has to choose a hosting provider and domain name for his website. This process requires maximum attention since the performance of the resource, speed of access for users, development of the project, and its growth depend on the quality of hosting services.

Once you get involved in this process closer, you will see that the market of hosting companies is huge. They offer both paid and free services. The more features and options your hosting provider offers, the more expensive his service will be.

The price depends on many factors:

  • quantity – disk space, amount of traffic, number of databases, mailboxes, RAM;
  • quality – availability, and speed of technical support, server remoteness, speed of information loading, and data transfer.

Also, the price depends on the type of hosting services you are choosing for your website. You need to find not only the right features and prices but also to choose a reputable hosting provider.

Virtual hosting is the cheapest option. With this type of hosting, your site receives the necessary disk space and server resources. Server rental is the most expensive way to host sites as you will get the maximum functionality.

So, what is the price of hosting? To get a general idea, take a look at a few examples below.

  • Shared host pricing: $2-$10/month
  • Dedicated server pricing: $100+/month.
  • VPS host pricing: $20-$60/month.
  • Cloud host pricing: $30+/month.

The main advantage of free hosting is no fee, which in most cases is the key factor. Along with it, a third-level domain name is provided free of charge. Another advantage is the availability of free templates and website builders that are suitable for novice users to quickly create a website without special programming knowledge.

Free hosting has a number of disadvantages and limitations. For example, since a website will use the third-level domain, it will be worse indexed by the search engines. If you are building an e-Commerce website, the domain can be one of the key factors of the popularity of your site. Then, your website will not have any backups, so if you have any failures of the resource, you can lose everything. This is evident that a free hoster wants to make some profit also. This results in unwanted advertising: banners of your hosting provider, contextual advertising, and so on. No need to say, you will encounter limitations of free hosting functionality.

Free hosting is still very convenient for users’ home pages, simple non-commercial projects, as well as for sites that can be transferred to paid hosting in the future.

I would like to draw your attention to an excellent deal from a popular paid hoster – 1 year of InMotion Hosting for Free! InMotion hosting is one of the most fast-growing, respected, and trusted hosting providers. InMotion offers the perfect combination of low price and technical innovation. You can expect excellent speed, performance and technical characteristics when you become InMotion customer.

I am sure you will enjoy getting “.com” domain, infinite disk space, and professional support. Do not hesitate to use the promo code and follow the instructions suggested in the article. Take the most of this exclusive offer!

Web Hosting Providers Comparison

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The web hosting market is dominated by 10 of the leading hosting companies, which controls 24% of the entire market.

Let’s take a closer look at a few of them and compare.

Pros Cons Pricing/month
Bluehost
  • Excellent server speed and operation;
  • the best hosting for WordPress;
  • detailed documentation and tutorials;
  • daily backup and restore;
  • a perfect choice for a novice;
  • flexibility.
  • Expensive server updates and additional features;
  • unlimited hosting due to the different usage policies;
  • price increase after updating the plan.
Virtual hosting – $2.95
Cloud hosting – $6.95 -$15.95
VPS hosting – $19.99 – $59.99
Dedicated servers – $79.99 – $119.99
InMotion
  • Exceptional server performance;
  • great customer support;
  • free site migration service;
  • 45-day money back guarantee;
  • free account activation;
  • one plan for all the hosting features.
  • Prices are increased after the initial registration;
  • you need to pay for 36 months in advance.
Launch plan – $6.99
Power plan – $8.99
Pro plan – $15.99
GoDaddy
  • Round-the-clock support;
  • unlimited bandwidth;
  • great choice of thematic turnkey templates;
  • simplified cPanel;
  • low prices;
  • good WordPress web hosting.
  • A good number of options may confuse beginners;
  • random errors with WordPress;
  • too many updates are sold.
Web hosting – $2.99
WordPress website hosting – $4.99
Business hosting – $19.99
VPS hosting – $19.99
Dedicated servers – $89.99
SiteGround
  • High-level security system updates;
  • support of PHP;
  • free migration of sites for new users;
  • one of the best web hosting for WordPress;
  • advanced server speed technologies;
  • 60% discount for the first time customers.
  • StartUp and GrowBig plans do not offer instant backup;
  • cost changes after the first payment;
  • no live chat support for technical and billing systems.
Virtual hosting:
StartUp plan – $3.95
GrowBig – $5.95
GoGeek – $11.95
Cloud hosting – $80.00+
Dedicated servers -$269 – $729
HostGator
  • High hosting performance;
  • fast server;
  • 45% discount for the registration for the first time users;
  • free website migration;
  • convenient control panel;
  • 24/7 support.
  • Limitations by server restrictions;
  • expensive update fee;
  • inflated website manufacturers.
Virtual hosting:
Hatchling plan – $2.75
Baby plan – $3.95
Business plan – $5.95
Hosting with a built-in site builder – $3.84+
Cloud hosting – $4.95 – $9.95
Special pricing plans for WordPress sites – $5.95 – $9.95
VPS hosting – $29.95+
Dedicated server – $119.00+
REG.com
  • Wide range of services;
  • high reliability;
  • a single hosting, mail, domain management center;
  • professional 24/7 support.
  • Pricing
Budget plan – $1.29 – $2.78
Speed plan – $2 – $5.02
+Power plan – $8.37 – $14.89
Get 1 year of free hosting with a limited time offer.

Conclusion

Hosting a website is important. It is a huge industry that now has about a billion websites, and millions of people around the globe are entering this new world. The web hosting process can be intimidating and confusing at first, but once you dig deeper, you will understand how it works.

Now you know enough about website hosting to start working on your new website. You got the answers for such questions as “How do websites work?”, “What is a website hosting?”, “How to Host a Website?”, “Where is my site hosted?”, and etc. Remember, launching a website gives you incredible benefits, allowing you to easily reach millions of users around the world.

Good hosting allows you to seamlessly serve your content on the Internet, provide your visitors with an excellent user interface, and attract new users to your site.

Author: Jim Harding

Hi, I'm Jim. Most of all in my life I like to receive mails from designers, marketers and developers about how introduction to MasterBundles site has changed their lives. Give a chance to your destiny - subscribe to our mailing list, add the blog to your bookmarks, buy bundles. Write to [email protected] if you want to talk or publish your article. I embrace each of you.

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AnnY

So, let’s understand! I made handmade soft toys and sold them on Facebook first. Then they changed some algorithms there and I had to go to instagram. Now there are no clients left on the instagram and I need to create my own website. But I do not understand anything in these hosting sites, domains, WordPress … it’s just some kind of nightmare. But I’ll figure it out, make a website and will continue to sell my cool toys!

Ganoshi
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Ganoshi

Why did you write such a cool and great article about hosting. About colocation and Virtual private server (VPS) hosting and about Dedicated server hosting, but did not write anything at all about how we, as representatives of entrepreneurs, reduce our expenses? How to find hosting as cheap as possible?

You, MasterBundles, a resource about how to save and buy everything cheaper. I was not lazy and found such suggestions you have here:

https://masterbundles.com/downloads/inmotion-hosting-promo-codes/

https://masterbundles.com/downloads/free-shared-hosting-from-reg-com/

Hosting for free! Why did you keep this silent in the article? Want us to spend the last money?